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Advanced Medical Health Clinic is unique for many reasons. Please see SERVICES for details of our cutting-edge technologies and treatments used at our clinic. In addition, there are many highly effective Home Remedies that we will share with you. Unfortunately, there are quite a number of scams on the Internet.

1) Foot Baths in which the electrolized foot water turns a brown color after use. This is due to the feet promoting the actual electrolysis and causing the electrodes to give off ionic iron (brown in color), NOT toxins from your feet. To cross-check this, just simply change the electrodes to stainless steel and NO brown residue will be present.

2) Alkaline Water is a scam. Most of these treatments actually put a small amount of detergent into your water to change the pH to Basic. The human body does not need any assistance in regulating the many different pHs associted with the blood and organs. Please see the following website for a good understanding of body pH and why Alkaline water is a scam:

3) Oxygenated Water is a great placebo, but does not deliver oxygen like our lungs and blood/respiratory system.

Further , any website that does NOT list a phone number for service or support should be avoided.

We suggest that you USE the FOUR following WEBSITES to INVESTIGATE POTENTIAL SCAMS: and type in the key words. and type in key words or the reseacher's last name and first/middle initials, such as: case gr and type in key words. Be advised that this website does play the AMA political "card" to get funding for its work, so not all topics are treated fairly, but all-in-all you can learn a bunch from this website. and type in the company name or product name to see just how many people have filed law suits against these "scam" oriented companies.

Disclaimer: The following statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The information contained herein are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, prevent any diseases or medical problems. These home remedies not intended to replace your doctor's recommendations. The information is provided for educational purposes only.
The following website will increase your medical IQ and help you become aware of many real issues in the medical field:

1. Muscle cramps and spasms
Get relief by taking a couple of swiggs of pickle juice. The vinegar is acetic acid that the body turns into acetylcholine. This is a neurotransmitter that relaxes the muscles. Also see:

Since this is the first posted home remedy, Advanced Medical Health Clinic (AMHC) realizes that you are possibly getting some really good and new information, so we recommend the following website as a sample of the depth of support on the Internet. Just as there are scamy websites, there are excellent websites such as the following:

2. Blood blisters
Let them go away by themselves over a period of weeks, to months, to years, -or- dowse the area with alcohol and use a sterile needle to uncover and peel back the dead skin holding the blood of the blister. Wipe the small amount of blood away and remove the covering skin. New skin will grow back rather quickly without a disfiguring blood blister spot.

3. Burns
Apply cold and/or ice packs right away. Seek medical assistance as soon as possible.

4. Splinters
Do not leave splinters in your body. If you cannot remove them yourself, find a loved one or friend to do it. It's a rather simple procedure, usually using a sterile needle with alcohol. Make sure you peel the dead skin on top of the splinter back and REMOVE it to be 100% sure that the splinter has been removed. If you can't get it, see your family physician.

5. Ant Bites
Apply several drops of tea oil or vinegar to relieve the pain and itching. Use an ice cube to reduce pain and swelling. Also bleach or ammonia can relieve the pain, just be careful with these products. Warning: If you experience hives or severe swelling, severe chest pains, difficulty breathing, slurred speech, or dizziness and nausea after being bitten by ants, see your family doctor right away or go to the emergency room.

6. Spider bites. Immediately apply a cold or ice pack. Call our clinic for advice - AMHC treats spider bites with excellent results. Please do your best to identify the species of spider that bit you. Some spider bites, such as brown recluse and black widows, inject toxins that can cause necrosis (i.e., eatting away of your skin and muscle) of the area around the bite and in some cases this can be life threatening. If you can't call our clinic for advise, then get yourself into your family doctor or the emergency room for treatment immediately.

7. Snake Bites
It's best if you have an approved Snake Bite Kit handy to properly suck out the snake venom. See our PRODUCTS page for that. If you are able to suck out the venom, please call our clinic right away for further advise. If you live in a known snake invested area, make sure you get an approved Snake Bite Kit. DO NOT cut the skin and manually suck out the venom, you will make the venom spread more rapidly if you do so. If the bite is poisonous, you must NOT panic. So be calm and apply an ice pack or cold pack IMMEDIATELY. Know that any speeded up heart rate will make the venom absorp much faster. Also know that you must get treatment immediately, you generally have about 30-50 minutes before very serious complications occur. If you can have someone safely catch and contain the snake, then go into emergency right away with the snake. Snakes with round eyes and no facial pits between the nostril and eye are NOT poisonous, others must be identified by experts. AMHC treats snake bites with excellent results.

8. Light Therapy for Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
If you know that you have SAD, then there's two approaches for natural relief of your symptoms: a) Bright light therapy (about 10,000 lux), and b) Green light therapy (about 400 lux). If your eyes are not sensitive to bright light, then the least expensive of the two options is Bright Light Therapy. We recommend a system called Lightphoria and this can very easily be ordered via the Internet. If your eyes ARE sensitive to bright light -or- you believe that bright light may be damaging to your eyes over a longer period of time, then we suggest the second option. This option may be too costly for most. Please fell free to call Dr. Case, Director of Research at Advanced Medical Health Clinic 850 656-6464 to review lower priced (yet highly effective) options.

9. Effective Chelation Therapy at Home
If you have evidence of heavy metal toxins in your body either through blood testing and/or heavy metal toxin hair analysis, you can perform a soft and controlled chelation at home. We recommend a product to be used for 90 days called Heavy Metal Detox (HMD). The HMD formula has been scientifically proven to cleanse and eliminate: Mercury, Lead, Cadmium, Aluminum, Arsenic, Uranium, Antimony & Nickle. This can be ordered via the Internet. In addition, there is a well-known tea, called Essaic Tea, that contains: a) Burdock Root, a blood cleanser. b) Sheep Sorrel to regulate the elimination process of digestion, easing both constipation and diarrhea. c) Turkish or Indian Rhubarb Root, a detoxifying herb world-famous for its healing properties. It has been shown to help heal ulcers, alleviate disorders of the spleen and colon, relieve constipation, and reduce the size of stage I tumors, and d) Slippery Elm Bark, a mild laxative to aid in elimination of toxins. A special tincture of Essaic Tea, called Ojibwa Tea of Life can be found in our PRODUCTS section. This particular product has twice the amount and is twice the strength of other Essaic tinctures and can simply be added to your favorite juice or tea.

10. MOLD - Do It Yourself Test Kit
Did you know there's a real easy way to check for MOLD in your house and/or automobile? You can go to Lowe's or Home Depot and purchase a mold test kit for only $10. It's from a company called Pro-Lab and you get results the next day. If you grow a bunch of mold on the test surface, then you had better find ways to get the mold out of your house or car, since mold can cause significant health problems, especially "black mold".

11. Bee's Honey can significantly help Respiratory Problems.
There's another interesting company called "Bee Healthy Farms". They market a wonderful product and I've used it with success personally (Dr. G. Case) in my older car. The product is called PROPOLIS DIFFUSERS. This is the stuff found within the bee hive. As it works out, bees have a natural defense against all sorts of bacteria with the "propolis". Here's their website:

12. Stop Smoking easily with E-Cigarettes.
Electronic cigarettes are the lastest method to help smokers stop smoking tobacco, thus improving their health and their loved ones' health who used to take in their second hand smoke. Most people may not realize that the human brain has nicotic receptors and makes its own nicotine. Over a period of time, tobacco smokers supply more nicotine and the brain relies on that as its dosage. Even in the normal "non-smokers" brain, we need nicotine to keep alert and have a better memory.

Electronic cigarettes come with different levels of nicotine and totally avoid all the health risks of smoking tobacco. Some E-cigarette manufactures offer a "colored" product to clearly signal that this E-cig smoker is healthy and concerned about others' health. Liquids in the cartridge are flavors and nicotine that are dissolved in "hydroscopic" components, which turn the water in the solution into a smoke-like vapor when heated. Commonly used hygroscopic components include propylene glycol (PG), vegetable glycerin (VG) and polyethylene glycol 400 (PEG400). All three of these liquid bases are deemed "safe" by the FDA.

Electronic cigarettes usually share four components:
A) An LED light
B) A power supply, which in portable models is a battery
C) An "atomizer" that serves as the heating element responsible for vaporizing the liquid
D) A "cartridge" that serves as a mouthpiece and usually doubles as a small reservoir holding the liquid that is to be vaporized.

Sample E-Cig E-Cig Parts E- Cig Charger

In addition, the use of the E-cigarette actually saves money. Smokers who make the switch can save over $1,000 per year. Independent testing has found that the actual cost of smoking in the test groups was nearly cut in half. Also, the product is odorless. This is a key point since we no longer have to worry about the affects tobacco smoke has on clothes and hair.

Actually, the key benefit is being able to "breath more easily" within one day of using the product. And there's virtually no risk of getting cancer since there are no "tars" in this product. In the United States, over 500,000 smokers have already switched to electronic cigarettes. As a sample of companies offering this product with the latest innovations and lower prices, see

If you want to see some good research on nicotic receptors, AMHC recommends the following website:

A great website that is 6 times more effective than just stopping smoking by ones self is the Freedom From Smoking online program. It cost $15 for 3 months and is certainly worth the minor cost.

13. Phantom Pain Therapy

Advanced Medical Health Clinic recommends a rather simple and innovative method to eliminate phantom pain. Specific parts of the body may have been removed by an industrial accident or by an act of war, yet the missing body part seems to send a pain signal to the brain. This is called phantom pain. More than 700 U.S. soldiers have lost limbs after being wounded in Iraq and Afghanistan. Although there are no hard numbers, experts believe phantom limb pain afflicts from 50 percent to 90 percent of amputees. In addition, at least this same number of patients have phantom pain due to industrial accidents who may have blown off a hand, arm, foot or leg. This ailment is often impervious to pain treatments when prescribed by a physician without neurological specific expertise. Many patients end up on drugs such as Oxycontin or Percocet; and as powerful as the medicines are, they seldom work.

Hand exercises for a missing hand using the mirror box.
Here is a typical story: On the morning of July 2, 2006, Sgt. Nick Paupore was driving the lead Humvee in a convoy near Kirkuk, in northern Iraq, when a roadside bomb blew off his right leg above the knee. Within 48 hours, he was at Walter Reed Army Medical Center in Washington, where he has spent 18 months recovering. Soon after arriving, Paupore began to feel excruciating pain - in his missing leg. "It felt like someone was shocking me, like someone was putting an electrode on the back of my (missing) ankle." He tried several painkillers, including methadone, but the pain didn't let up. Then a Navy neurologist, Dr. Jack Tsao, convinced him to try a new approach that requires patients to carefully exercise both limbs while viewing the action in a mirror. "As soon as I started the treatment, I noticed a remarkable change," says Paupore, who has stopped taking painkillers. "I could see really big improvement, really fast." Added comment by Dr. Case: “The mirror helps convince the brain into temporarily believing there's a real limb there (in the mirror). The effectiveness of the methodology is enhanced if you block the patient's view of the injured limb during the mirrored exercise.” “This is why many practitioners call this the “mirrored-box” technique, because the injured limb is put inside a non-see-through box, like the one shown in the above photo for an amputated hand.”

At our clinic, we encourage our “phantom pain patients” to use Google on the internet and research this "mirror box" technique, then come into the office for a no-charge education for self treatment. We have mirror box expertise and will set it up for the missing body part, then give the proper exercise procedures to train the brain to re-program via natural biofeedback.

In addition, we will be happy to discuss your condition without any charge and make suggestions to help you eliminate your phantom pain via a telephone call.

For those who may have had Phantom Pain for several years or more, we will refer you to a professional who uses a technique called EFT Tapping. This methodology allows one to enter an Alpha brain-state and induce a form of self-hypnosis while awake. EFT has proven to be highly effective at minimizing and eliminating many types of chronic pain, including long-term Phantom Limb pain. A viable study that significantly supports the “mirror” methodology is:
Mirror Therapy for Phantom Limb Pain N Engl J Med 2007; 357:2206-2207November 22, 2007

Welcome to the long list of terms. May the force be with you.

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J- K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

Acupressure: The practice of applying pressure on parts of the body to relieve pain.

Acupuncture: The practice of inserting fine needles on specific meridian points for the purpose of relieving tension, stress, and pain. Can be useful in the treatment and relief of back pain.

Adrenal glands: Small glands located on the kidneys that produce the stress hormones adrenaline and cortisol.

Adrenaline: A hormone that stimulates metabolism, increases alertness and increases blood pressure.

Aerobic Exercises: These kinds of exercises generally involve large muscle groups and foster a strong and healthy heart and lung function.

Amino acid: The basic unit from which proteins are made. There are two classes of amino acids: essential and non-essential. Essential amino acids are those that cannot be manufactured by the body and must be attained from the diet. Non-essential amino acids are those that the body can synthesize from other amino acids.

Anabolism: The metabolic process of building new tissue. Typically used in relation to building muscle, ligaments and tendons.

Analgesics: Medicines that are used to relieve pain - aspirin is an example.

Ankylosing Spondylitis: A chronic, progressive, rheumatic disease of the spine that causes calcification of the spinal ligaments, resulting in a loss of movement.

Annulus fibrosis: The tough outer layer of the intervertebral disc. Cartilage-like material formed in a series of rings surrounding the nucleus pulposus (soft center) of a disc.

Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint; most arthritis is caused by degenerative changes related to aging. Arthritis affects not only joints but also connective tissue throughout the body can be involved, as well.

Autonomic nervous system: The part of the nervous system that is responsible for controlling the involuntary functions in the body, such as digestion, metabolism, blood pressure, etc.

Bulging Disc: The annulus portion of the lumbar disc weakens causing the nucleus to press against it resulting in the annulus pinching or pressing against a nerve causing pain.

Bursitis: A condition in which the bursa, or fluid filled sacks that cushion joints, become swollen.

Calorie: A unit of energy in food. Carbohydrates have 4 calories per gram. Proteins have 4 calories per gram. Fat has 9 calories per gram.

Carbohydrate: A major source of energy in the diet. There are two kinds of carbohydrates: simple carbohydrates and complex carbohydrates. Simple carbohydrates are sugars, while complex carbohydrates include both starches and fiber. Carbohydrates have 4 calories per gram.

Cardiovascular system: The system in your body responsible for distributing blood throughout the body. The cardiovascular system is made up of the heart, arteries, capillaries and veins.

Catabolism: The metabolic process of breaking down tissues. Typically refers to the breakdown of muscle, bone, ligaments and tendons.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: A progressive and sometimes painful joint disorder caused by a compression of the median nerve of your hand. The compression causes swelling, which exerts pressure on the nerves.

Cartilage: A connective tissue that lines the ends of bones and most joints. It lines the facet joints of the spine.

Cervical Spine: The upper portion of your spine; also called the neck.

Chronic Pain: Pain that has lasted for more than three months generally having significant psychological and emotional affects and limiting a person's ability to fully function.

Cholesterol: A fat-like substance that is made by the body and is found naturally in animal foods such as meat, fish, poultry, eggs, and dairy products. Foods high in cholesterol include liver and organ meats, egg yolks, and dairy fats. Total blood cholesterol levels above 240 mg/dl are considered high. Levels under 200 mg/dl are considered desirable.

Cortisol: A hormone that is released from the adrenal glands in response to stress that facilitates fat storage and has a catabolic affect on muscle and connective tissue.

Coccyx: The small bone at the lower tip of the spine. Also called the tailbone, a triangular-shaped bone at the bottom of the lumbar area.

Compressed Nerve: Material from a bulging or Herniated disk pushes against a nerve in the spinal cord causing severe pain.

Computed Tomography (CAT or CT) scan: A sophisticated x-ray using a computer to produce a detailed cross-sectional three-dimensional picture of the bone and discs.

Degenerative Arthritis: The wearing away of cartilage that protects and cushions joints including those in the spine, hands and feet (see Osteoarthritis).

Degenerative Disc Disease: A general term applied to degeneration of the lumbar spinal discs which serve as cushions between the spinal vertebrae, resulting in a narrowing of the disc space.

Diabetes Mellitus - A disease that occurs when the bodyis not able to use blood glucose (sugar). Blood sugar levels are controlled by insulin, a hormone that assists glucose metabolism from the blood to muscles and other tissues. Diabetes occurs when the pancreas does not make enough insulin or the body does not respond to the insulin that is made.

Disc Annulus: The outer lining of a disk (see Annulus Fibrosis).

Disc Nucleus: The inner core of a disk (see Nucleus Pulposus).

Discectomy: Surgical removal of part or the entire herniated intervertebral disc.

Diet: What a person eats and drinks. Any type of eating plan.

Electrical nerve stimulation: A type of physical therapy treatment that utilizes various frequencies and wave forms of electrical current, which have therapeutic effects on the nervous and musculoskeletal systems.

Electromyography (EMG): Procedure that tests nerves and muscles providing information to help determine if surgery may be required.

Endorphins: Chemical messengers released by the body during vigorous exercise that stimulate the brain to feel good, happy and relaxed.

Epidural Injection: This is usually a steriod injected into the spinal column but outside of the spinal cord for the relief of back pain. This is NOT recommended due to the serious side-effects of raising the blood pressure and causing the temporary malfunction of selected organs. There are many other solutions to eliminating back pain that are long-lasting and natural.

Exercise Therapy: A treatment used to help manage pain, rehabilitate damaged soft tissues, such as muscles, ligament, and tendons, and restore normal range of motion and function.

Extensor Muscles: Muscles that cause your joints to straighten, such as the back and gluteus muscles that help keep your back straight.

Fat: A major source of energy in the diet. All food fats have 9 calories per gram. Fat helps the body absorb fat-soluble vitamins, such as vitamins A, D, E, and K, and carotenoids.

Facet joints: The joints above and below each intervertebral disc, allowing the spine to bend. The paired joints located in the posterior portion of the vertebral bodies connecting the spine. These joints are part of the stabilizing mechanism for the spine.

Facet Joint Syndrome: Pain resulting from degeneration, wear, pressure exerted on and inflammation of the facet joints, which are the joints at the back of each vertebrae linking the vertebrae together.

Fibromyalgia: Fibromyalgia is a condition that causes pain in muscles, joints, ligaments and tendons.

Fibrositis: Pain arising from damaged tendons or muscles.

Foraminal Stenosis: Narrowing of a vertebral opening.

Flexor Muscles: muscles that cause your joints to bend, such as your biceps muscle on the front of your upper arm or your abdominal muscles.

Foraminal Stenosis: Narrowing of a vertebral opening.

Fusion: In regard to the spine, a surgical procedure to unite two or more vertebrae with bone graft with or without metal supports resulting in immobilization of that portion.

Glucagon: A hormone released from the pancreas that elevates blood sugar by stimulating the release of glucose stores in the liver and muscle.

Glucose: A building block for most carbohydrates. Digestion causes carbohydrates to break down into glucose. After digestion, glucose is carried in the blood and goes to body cells where it is used for energy or stored.

Glycemic index: A measure of a foods ability to raise the bodys blood glucose level. Foods that have a low glycemic index do not raise blood glucose levels to nearly the extent of high glycemic index foods.

Golfer's Elbow: A type of elbow pain that originates near the inside part of the bony protrusion. This type of pain is also caused by a tear or rupture in the tendon supporting the elbow bone.

Heat Therapy: A form of therapy often used in patients who have chronic, or long-lasting pain. Heat therapy can involve many kinds of methods, from simple heating pads to the use of far infrared heating therapy.

Herniated Disc: A disc that protrudes from its normal position between two vertebrae, due to an injury to the annulus; frequently associated with the nucleus of the disc oozing out of the center of the disk.

High-density lipoprotein (HDL): A form of cholesterol that circulates in the blood. Commonly called good cholesterol. High HDL lowers the risk of heart disease. An HDL of 60 mg/dl or greater is considered high and is protective against heart disease. An HDL less than 40 mg/dl is considered low and increases the risk for developing heart disease.

Hypertension: a resting blood pressure is greater than or equal to 140/90 mm Hg. Hypertension is associated with an increasee risk of heart disease and stroke.

Hypothalamus: A small area of the brain that is a main control center for regulating eating and sleeping behavior in humans. It has binding sites for several hormones including ghrelin and leptin.

Ice or Cold Therapy: A form of therapy involving the application of cold to treat many kinds of injuries, including those associated with back and neck pain.

Insulin: A hormone in the body that helps move glucose from the blood to muscles and other tissues. Insulin controls blood sugar levels.

Inflammation: A pathologic process associated with redness, heat, swelling, pain, and loss of function. This process destroys tissues but is also associated with the repair and healing of body structures.

Irritable bowel syndrome: is characterized by a combination of abdominal pain and altered bowel function.

JACKRABBIT (?). The study of fast-twitch muscles and their relationship to movement and survival. Big ears and four legs are required..

Kinesiology: The study of muscles and their relation to movement and pain relief.

Kyphosis: An excess curvature of the thoracic spine called a "dowager's hump." This can be caused by genetics and can be found moreso in people with osteoporosis.

Laminectomy: A surgical procedure that removes a portion of the plate that serves as the back of the spinal canal. This decompression procedure is performed for treatment of herniated intervertebral discs and spinal stenosis.

Ligament: Strong, dense bands made of connective tissue that stabilize a joint, connecting bone to bone across the joint.

Lordosis: The curve in the cervical and lumbar spine. An abnormal accentuated arch in the lower back swayback.

Low-density lipoprotein (LDL): A form of cholesterol that circulates in the blood. Commonly called bad cholesterol. High LDL increases the risk of heart disease. An LDL less than 100 mg/dl is considered optimal,100-129 mg/dl is considered near or above optimal, 130-159 mg/dl is considered borderline high, 160-189 mg/dl is considered high, and 190 mg/dl or greater is considered very high.

Lumbalgia: A general term meaning low back pain (See Low Back Pain).

Lumbar: The lower five weight bearing vertebrae that are located between the thoracic vertebrae and the sacrum.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): Magnetic radio frequency energy used to see internal structures of the body, including bone, discs, and nerves without the use of x-rays. Overall, the most useful technique in the investigation of spinal abnormalities.

Maximum heart rate: A persons maximum heart rate is based on their age. An estimate of a person's maximum age-related heart rate can be obtained by subtracting the persons age from 220. For example, for a 50-year-old person, the estimated maximum heart rate would be calculated as: 220 - 50 = 170 beats per minute. The maximum heart rate is important for measuring whether exercise is classified as moderate-intensity (50% - 70% of maximum) or vigorous-intensity (70% - 85% of maximum).

Meditation: A general term for numerous practices where one focuses awareness on one thing such as breath or a short phrase in order to quiet the mind.

Metabolism: All of the processes that occur in the body that turn the food you eat into energy your body can use.

Monounsaturated fat: Fats that are in foods are combinations of monounsaturated, polyunsaturated, and saturated fatty acids. Monounsaturated fat is found in canola oil, olives and olive oil, nuts, seeds, and avocados.

Muscle Tension: A state where the muscles are in a general state of contraction.

Muscle Spasm: A sudden violent involuntary contraction of a muscle or a group of muscles. A muscle spasm is attended by pain and interference with function, producing involuntary movement and distortion.

Myofascial Pain: Referred pain caused by possible trigger points or hard nodules in muscle tissue.

Myofascial Release: Releasing the fascia (the sheath around a muscle) by gentle acupressure movements.

Nerve: The body's communication system; nerves carry messages back and forth between the brain and all body parts.

Nerve Block: Pain relief method in which an anesthetic is injected into a nerve.

Nerve roots: Nerve projections from the spinal cord.

Neurologist: A physician who specializes in treating diseases of the nervous system.

Neurosurgeon: A physician who specializes in surgery on the brain, nerves, and spinal cord.

Neurotransmitter: A chemical produced in the brain that sends messages between nerve cells.

Nucleus pulposus: Soft center of an intervertebral disc, made up of gel-like substance.

Nutrition: The relationship of food to the well-being of the body.

Orthopedic Surgeon: A doctor who specializes in diseases of the musculoskeletal system.

Osteoarthritis: Also called degenerative arthritis mostly affecting middle-aged and elderly men and women. In some, osteoarthritis may affect the spine's facet joints, making it extremely painful to bend or twist.

Osteopathic Medicine: Particular attention is paid to muscles, joints, bones, and nerves through defined osteopathic manipulations.

Osteoporosis: A disease characterized by the loss of bone density, resulting in brittleness; most commonly affecting the spinal vertebrae, wrists and hips.

Osteophytes: Additional bone material, or overgrowths, that have been attributed to a wide variety of ailments. Also called bone spurs, osteophytes are manufactured by your body in response to a breakdown in existing bony structures. Sometimes, bone spurs can exert pressure on nerves, and this leads to pain.

Overuse injuries: Injuries that occur during the course of everyday activities, such as housework or exercise. Symptoms may include pain, muscle spasms, and stiffness.

Pancreas: A gland that makes enzymes that help the body break down and use nutrients in food. It also produces the hormones insulin and glucagon, releasing these into the bloodstream to help the body control blood sugar levels.

Plantar fasciitis: Inflammation of the ligament running from the front of the heel bone through the bottom of the foot. Repetitive motions such as quick stops and starts during sports, or long distance running, have sometimes been associated with Plantar fasciitis.

Phenylethanolamine (PEA): A chemical found in chocolate that elevates mood. It is thought to be the compound that causes chocolate cravings.

Physical Therapy: The health profession that treats pain in muscles, nerves, joints, and bones with exercise, electrical stimulation, hydrotherapy, and the use of massage, heat, cold, and electrical devices.

Polyunsaturated fat: A highly unsaturated fat that is liquid at room temperature. Fats that are in foods are combinations of monounsaturated, polyunsaturated, and saturated fatty acids.

Protein: One of the three nutrients that provides calories to the body. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps build many parts of the body, including muscle, bone, skin, and blood. Protein provides 4 calories per gram and is found in foods like meat, fish, poultry, eggs, dairy products, beans, nuts, and tofu.

QUACKERY (?). A natural process that unforunately can be learned by anyone to create stress on the body's physiology. The methods used increase tension, heighten anxiety, deliver pain and extract green stuff from you. You do NOT need to have big ears and four legs for this..

Relaxation Techniques: A natural process that can be learned by anyone to reverse the effects of stress on the body's physiology. Methods used are to lessen tension, reduce anxiety, and manage pain.

Rheumatoid Arthritis: An inflammatory disease that affects the facet joints in the spine as well as other joints in the body including the hands, elbows, shoulders, fingers and toes.

Ruptured Disk: Herniated disk where material from the disk pushes through the outer lining of the disk.

Satiety: A mechanism to tell the body that it has had enough food. The most important satiety compounds are the hormone leptin and the fatty acid oleylethanolamine (OEA).

Saturated fat: A fat that is solid at room temperature. Fats that are in foods are combinations of monounsaturated, polyunsaturated and saturated fatty acids. Saturated fat is found in high-fat dairy products (like cheese, whole milk, cream, butter, and regular ice cream), fatty fresh and processed meats, the skin and fat of chicken and turkey, lard, palm oil, and coconut oil.

Sciatic nerve: The nerve that serves the legs and originates from several levels of the lower back. Formed by multiple nerve roots from the lumbar spine; the sciatic nerve sends signals down the leg to control muscles and up the leg to provide sensations.

Sciatica: An inflammation of the sciatic nerve usually marked by tenderness along the course of the nerve through the buttocks, thigh, and leg.

Scoliosis: An abnormal curve of the spine.

Sedentary: The act of engaging in little to no leisure-time physical activity.

Serotonin: A neurotransmitter in the brain that elevates mood and decreases appetite.

Slipped Disk: This is a layman's term, a misnomer and actually refers to an injured or degenerated disk that may be protruded against adjacent nerve tissues or a misalignment. It can either be a herniated disk, ruptured disk or prolapsed disk. If the disk is misaligned with an adjacent vertebrea, then an effective chiropractic adjustment may be able to put it back into its proper position.

Spina Bifida: A congenital defect of the spine in which the arches of the lower lumbar spine fail to form over the spinal cord, leaving the cord unprotected.

Spinal canal: The opening at the center of the spine through which the spinal cord runs.

Spinal cord: The root section of the central nervous system going down from the brain through the spinal column, where it divides into nerves.

Spinal column: The spine.

Spinal Fracture: Broken vertebrae in the spine.

Spinal cord: The column of nerve tissue that runs from the brain to the lower back.

Spinal fusion: A process in which the disc and cartilage is removed from between the vertebrae, and bone grafts (often harvested from the pelvis) are placed between or alongside the vertebrae to join the bones together.

Spinal stenosis: A narrowing of the spinal canal, that compresses the spinal cord and/or the nerve roots, cutting off their impulses to the muscles of the leg.

Spondyloarthopathy: A group of disorders that causes inflammatory arthritis of the spine.

Spondylitis: Inflammation of the spine generally caused by an infection.

Spondylolysis: This is a defect in the pars interarticularis of the neural arch connecting to the superior and inferior articular facets.

Spondylolisthesis: A spinal abnormality in which there is an anterior displacement of a vertebra on the one below, often resuting in back pain.

Stenosis: Narrowing of a portion of the spinal canal, usually because of bony overgrowth (see Spinal Stenosis).

Subluxation: A misalignment in the bony structures of the spine. Subluxations can create pressure or irritation on the various nerves in your spine, and can cause a wide variety of symptoms throughout your body, such as localized pain, soreness, irregularity, and weakness. An effective chiropratic adjustment usuaaly solves these kind of problems.

Tendon: White fibrous bands of tissue that attach muscle to bone.

Tennis elbow: Also known as lateral epicondylitis, tennis elbow is pain on the lateral, or outside part of the elbow, on or near the bony protrusion. It is usually caused by the overuse of the wrist extensor muscles, which leads to the inflammation of the tendon attachment.

Therapeutic massage: A form of massage that involves the manipulation of the soft tissues of the body to decrease muscle spasm, pain and to improve movement.

Thoracic Spine: Twelve vertebrae above the lumbar spine and below the cervical spine.

Thyroid hormone: A hormone released by the thyroid gland that stimulates metabolism and helps to regulate a range of biochemical processes in the body.

Unsaturated fat: A fat that is liquid at room temperature. Vegetable oils are unsaturated fats. Unsaturated fats include polyunsaturated fats, and monounsaturated fats. Sources of unsaturated fats include most nuts, olives, avocados, and fatty fish such as salmon.

Vertebrae: The 24 cylindrical segments of bone that make up the vertebral column.

Vertebral column: The Spine. The flexible structure that forms the "backbone" of the skeleton, arranged a straight line from the base of the skull to the tailbone; also called spine.

Vertebral subluxation complex: Another term for subluxation that is used in the chiropractic profession.

Weight-cycle: Losing and gaining weight over and over again. Commonly called yo-yo dieting. With each cycle, there is a worsening of the percentage of body fat due to a loss of lean muscle tissue.

Whiplash: An injury to the cervical spine that occurs from rapid hyper-flexion, hyper-extension and compression movements, such as in an automobile accident.

X-Ray: A diagnostic imaging method that exposes photographic films with radiation passed through the body. It is most useful in diagnosing fractures, dislocations, abnormal positioning or other structural problems in bone.

Yoga: A gentle exercise system consisting of numerous stretching movements that is extremely helpful in healing.

ZEBRA (?): A gentle, black and white stripped exercise system consisting of numerous stretching movements that are extremely helpful in survival. Big ears and four feet are required.